In 1891 at Philadelphia, a faction of the NAPA bolted the
convention in a dispute over acceptance of proxy ballots. When
the dissenters returned, they found the meeting recessed, so began
their own session but were displaced by the resumption of the
regular stated meeting. The bolters held their own election and
Dual conventions were held in 1892 in Boston and Buffalo, but by
the following year the factions been were united. However, in
some instances, it took years to dissipate the bitterness.
At the following convention in Chicago, the association acted on
a resolution to place the name of Frank E. Schermerhom on the
presidential roll. (Schermerhorn had been elected by the
dissident group.) Following considerable and heated debate,
filled with intense drama, force and earnestness, the resolution
was approved, 15 to 13, several members refusing to vote.
But before the ruckus of 1891, at the opening of that convention,
a very gallant action was taken. In appreciation for her services
as official editor, Harriet Cox, the first young lady to serve in
the second highest office, was presented with a diamond ring.
The money for this purpose had been appropriated in an earlier